Cellulose is the substance that makes up most of a plant's cell walls. Since it is made by all plants, it is probably the most abundant organic compound on Earth. Cellulose is a biodegradable polysaccharide. A polysaccharide is a type of carbohydrate.
No Bioglitter® does not dissolve in water. Microorganisms are needed to digest Bioglitter® and transform it into harmless substances; carbon dioxide, water and biomass.
If Bioglitter® did dissolve it would NOT be a good thing as it would still be there in the water, just you would not see it. Similar to salt dissolved in sea water, it is still there just you cannot see it, very easily demonstrated when sea water dries on skin, the salt is left behind and reappears.
The specialised regenerated cellulose core film used in Bioglitter® represents more than 90% of its content and is certified compostable in both industrial (EN13432, EN14995, ASTM D6400, ISO 17088) and home composting environments (OK Compost Home) and also marine biodegradation approved to ASTM D6691-09. A small amount of surface coating is applied to the certified naturally biodegradable core during the manufacture of Bioglitter®. Irrespective of how little is applied and that the materials used are compliant, physical retesting to the appropriate standard/s is required to claim Bioglitter® is certified.
Industrial composting is conducted in man made conditions c.60oC and high humidity. Whereas OK Compost Home and marine testing are more representative of the biodegradability in the natural environment. There is a significantly higher probability for glitter to be found in general waste, waste water and general outdoor environment after use. The route to industrial composting via the compost bin is highly unlikely in reality.
Specific Bioglitter® testing; Standards can change, ASTM D7081-05 marine standard was withdrawn in 2014 and more recently attention has been drawn to the applicability of industrial compostability standards (EN13432, ASTM 6400) as a measure of compostability in the natural environment. Biodegradability testing to standards more appropriate to where glitter is found after use and more representative of the natural environment can take up to two years.
Considering the above, our approach to testing to a particular standard will be based on its merits in terms of time, cost and validity for a particular glitter application. The goal being to obtain independent test data and certification validating the ability of Bioglitter® to biodegrade outside in the natural environment.
There are several measures we are taking to ensure Bioglitter® will biodegrade in the natural environment:
1. Minimising coating thickness. We are continually striving to minimise the amount of coating we apply.
2. The coating we apply are designed not to be completely sealed to microbial activity allowing microbes to penetrate the coatings to gain access to the cellulose core.
3. Glitter is cut from film. This gives Bioglitter® a big advantage as the cut edges expose the cellulose and significantly increase the accessibility to microbes, thus enhancing degradation.
Nevertheless, we are working hard to making all the coatings used in Bioglitter® inherently naturally biodegradable and 100% plastic free.
Bioglitter® requires the presence of microorganisms to degrade. Warm and wet conditions are ideal and higher concentrations of microbes will increase the rate of biodegradation. A good analogy is that a leaf in an arid environment will take longer to degrade than in a swamp.
Bioglitter® is very stable and will not biodegrade on the shelf. Biodegradation will only be initiated in soil, compost or waste-water environments where microorganisms are present. Bioglitter® as supplied has an indefinite shelf life providing it is stored in a dry dark, cool environment, out of direct sunlight, away from direct heat sources and not exposed to microorganisms.
Bioglitter® has been tested for 18 heavy metals and all are below the limit of detection tests and do not pose any hazard both for humans or the environment.
All Bioglitter® products are non-toxic and pass EN71 European Toy Regulations along with Global Cosmetic Regulations as detailed in the specific product information.
Bio-plastics such as PLA WILL NOT biodegrade in the natural environment, they need the man made conditions (elevated temperatures and extremely high humidity) found in industrial composting processes.
It’s our view that there is a significantly higher probability for glitter to be found in general waste, waste water and in the outdoor environment after use. Therefore, the route to industrial composting via the compost bin is highly unlikely with glitter.
For these reasons we quickly discounted bio-plastics like PLA very early in the development of Bioglitter® as they are NOT suitable for achieving the naturally biodegradability characteristics we are looking for in an truly biodegradable glitter.
In addition, the new UK microbeads legislation introduced in January 2018 defines any plastic particle less than 5mm as a microplastic and therefore would include any thermoplastic glitter, like a PLA based glitter. PLA is a plastic and therefore also NOT suitable for achieving the plastic free characteristics we are looking for in our Bioglitter® products.
Lots of independently documented information can be found on the internet that explain about the disappointing realities of PLA's inability to biodegrade in the natural environment, this link to a UN report offers good insight.
PLA is a thermoplastic polyester bio-polymer. It is produced by the chemical conversion of corn into dextrose, the dextrose is then fermented to lactic acid, which is then polymerised into poly lactic acid, PLA for short.
Some but not all Bioglitter® products contain aluminium. It is used in an extremely thin coating to give glitter its shine. Aluminium is the most abundant metallic element in the earth’s crust and does not biodegrade, however materials that do not biodegrade are not necessarily harmful to the environment. The aluminium in Bioglitter® represents less than 0.1% by weight and is neither toxic nor ecotoxic. Biodegradability standards typically call for at least 90% of material to biodegrade within the testing period. Our journey with Bioglitter® will take the biodegradable content to its maximum and beyond the minimum 90% requirements of the standards.
Bioglitter® offers the same precision cut and highly reflective properties as polyester (PET) glitter.
A very easy and effective test is to simply heat it up or burn it. It's a similar test used in the textile industry to distinguish between man made and natural materials.
Bioglitter® smoulders, burns and smells like paper or wood. Other glitters made of plastic, thermoplastic or bio-plastics like PLA all melt, burn and smell as you would expect of a plastic.
If you try this test PLEASE BEWARE the plastic glitters produce a very strong acrid smoke, especially iridescent glitter.
Click here to see the results you should expect to get.
Yes, as well as the Japanese, Chinese, Australian and Korean cosmetic regulations.
Yes, both EN71-2: 2011 for flammability and EN71-3: 2013 A1: 20014 for migration of certain elements.
Antimony is a heavy metal used as a catalyst in the production of polyester and some remains after production in the polyester as an impurity. Antimony long term exposure can cause irritation and ultimately can cause more serious health effects.
The total antimony level in Bioglitter® is <0.5ppm (parts per million). This is the limit of the analysis by Inductively Coupled Argon Plasma Spectrometry (ICP-MS) and therefore can be said to be antimony free.
No antimony is used in the production process, unlike the production of polyester used in traditional cosmetic and non cosmetic plastic glitter. Levels of antimony in cosmetic plastic glitter are controlled to maximum 150ppm, correspondingly the antimony levels in non cosmetic plastic glitter are not controlled and therefore significantly higher.
Bioglitter® is defined as a finished article and does not require registration under REACH. However, we can confirm that Bioglitter® does not contain any SVHC's (Substances of Very High Concern) as defined under REACH.
Although non-toxic and non-harmful Bioglitter® is NOT a foodstuff and therefore not intended for consumption.
Yes, however Bioglitter® is not edible.
Bioglitter® is free of the 14 common food allergens. None of our raw materials knowingly contain any common allergens and our manufacturing equipment is not used to produce any other products that contain allergens.
Please find the Distributor details for this country below:
|Distributor Name||Contact Name||Address||Telephone|